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Taiwan – Power Sector

Power Generation :-

Total power generation in 2013 was 213.4 TWh, which comes from coal (38.4%), natural gas (31.1%), nuclear (18.8%), solar and wind (4.5%), co-generation (3.4%), oil (2.3%) and pumped-storage hydro (1.5%). In 2012, Taipower purchased 7,652.1 MW of electricity from Taiwan's current nine IPP. Taiwan has seen an annual growth of 4.4% in terms of electricity generation in 1992–2012.

In terms of price to produce electricity, the average generation cost of electricity in Taiwan was US$ 7.0 cent/kWh, which consists of US$ 1.9 cent/kWh for nuclear, US$ 5.8 cent/kWh for coal and US$ 11.25 cent/kWh for natural gas.

Taipower operates three types of power plant based on the generation characteristics, which are peaking power plant, load following power plant and base load power plant.

In 2012, the base load power source constituted for 42.4% of the total power generation in Taiwan, below the expected level of 55-65%. Over the past decade, the capacity of peak load energy sources was between 10.3-14.8%, slightly lower than the expected 10-15% value.

 

Power Plants :-

As of end of 2007, Taiwan had a total of 78 power plants, which are 39 hydro power plants, 27 thermal power plants, 9 wind farms and 3 nuclear power plants.

World Records :-

Taiwan is home to Taichung Power Plant, the world's largest coal-fired power plant with a 5,500 MW installed capacity, with additional 324 MW from its gas turbine and wind power generated electricity. The power plant is located in Longjing District, Taichung. The plant is also the largest power plant in Taiwan.

Efficiency :-

In 2013, for steam turbine-based power plants, the plants have 31.89% for oil-fired plants, 35.71% for coal-fired plants and 30.93% for gas-fired plants of efficiency. The power plants also have efficiency of 37.17% for diesel engine plants, 25.08% for gas turbine plants and 44.78% for combined cycle plants.

Reserved Margin :-

Taiwan set the reserve margin between power availability and power demand to be 6% minimum. Any value below that number would trigger an alert. Once the reserve margin falls below the 900 MW alert level, power rationing will be put into place.

In 2014, the reserved margin of electricity in Taiwan was 14.7%, in 2015 it felt to 10.4%.  On 19 October 2016, it felt to 2.38% which is below the 900 MW threshold value, triggering the warning.

 

List of Power Stations in Taiwan :-

The list of power stations in Taiwan that are publicly or privately owned. Non-renewable power stations are those that run on coal, fuel oils, nuclear power, and natural gas, while renewable power stations run on fuel sources such as biomass, geothermal heat, moving water, solar rays, tides, waves and the wind. By the end of 2011, Taiwan had installed 41,401 MW of generating capacity across all types of power station.

·         Non – Renewable Power Plants :-

 

A.   Coal :-

Station

Capacity ( MW)

Location

Co - ordinates

Hoping Power Plant

1,320

XiulinHualien

24°18′24″N 121°45′50″E

Hsinta Power Plant

4,326

Yong'an and QiedingKaohsiung

22°51′26″N 120°11′49″E

Linkou Power Plant

0

LinkouNew Taipei

25°7′15″N 121°17′54″E

Mailiao Power Plant

4,200

MailiaoYunlin

23°48′N 120°11′E

Taichung Power Plant

5,824

LongjingTaichung

24°12′46″N 120°28′52″E

 

B.   Diseal :-

Station

Capacity ( MW)

Location

Co - ordinates

Zhushan Power Plant

15.4

NanganLienchiang

26°9′13.74″N 119°56′21.28″E

Tashan Power Plant

91

JinchengKinmen

24°24′53.26″N 118°17′17.05″E

Qimei Power Plant


QimeiPenghu

23°12′29″N 119°25′43″E

Lanyu Power Plant

6.5

Orchid IslandTaitung

22°1′33.4″N 121°32′23.9″E

Chienshan Power Plant

140

HuxiPenghu

23°33′47″N 119°39′40″E

 

C.   Fuel Oil :-

Station

Capacity ( MW)

Location

Co - ordinates

Hsieh – ho Power Plant

2000

Zhongshan, Keelung

25°9′26.38″N 121°44′21.57″E

 

D.  Mixed :-

Station

Capacity ( MW)

Location

Co - ordinates

Talin Power Plant

2400

Siaogang, Kaoshiung

22°32′10″N 120°20′7.9″E

 

E.   Natural Gas :-

Station

Capacity (MW)

Location

Coordinates

Changsheng Power Plant

900

LuzhuTaoyuan

25°6′59″N 121°15′30″E

Chiahui Power Plant

670

MinxiongChiayi

23°32′02″N 120°28′31″E

Hsingneng Power Plant

490

LukangChanghua

24°7′38″N 120°26′01″E

Hsingyuan Power Plant

490

Lukang, Changhua

24°4′47″N 120°24′45″E

Hsintao Power Plant

600

GuanxiHsinchu

22°36′3″N 120°18′2″E

Kuokuang Power Plant

480

Guishan, Taoyuan

25°2′33″N 121°20′31″E

Nanpu Power Plant

1,118

Cianjhen, Kaohsiung

22°36′3″N 120°18′2″E

Sun Ba Power Plant

980

ShanshangTainan

23°04′56″N 120°21′26″E

Tatan Power Plant

4,384

Guanyin, Taoyuan

25°1′34″N 121°2′50″E

Tunghsiao Power Plant

1,815

TongxiaoMiaoli

24°29′23.7″N 120°40′16″E


F. Nuclear :-

 

·         Renewable power Plants :-

A.   Hydro-Electricity :-

Station

Capacity (MW)

Location

Coordinates

Bihai Power Plant[19]

61.2

XiulinHualien

24°20′09″N 121°40′36″E

Cholan Power Plant

80

Zhuolan, Miaoli


Gueishan Power Plant

111

Wulai, New Taipei

24°54′33″N 121°34′48″E

Kaoping Power Plant

7

Meinong, Kaohsiung


Kukuan Power Plant

180

Heping, Taichung

24°14′00.91″N 121°04′34.09″E

Lanyang Power Plant

26

Sanxing, Yilan

24°39′16.5″N 121°36′59″E

Maan Power Plant

133

Heping, Taichung

24°11′03″N 120°54′50″E

Mingtan Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant

1,602

Shuili, Nantou

23°50′11″N 120°52′04″E

Minhu Pumped Storage Hydro Power Station

1,008

ShuiliNantou

23°51′16″N 120°52′13″E

Qingshan Power Plant

360

Heping, Taichung

24°15′11.5″N 121°09′37″E

Shihmen Power Plant

130

Longtan, Taoyuan

24°48′38″N 121°14′39″E

Techi Power Plant

234

DongshiHeping, and Houli, Taichung

24°15′19″N 121°10′03″E

Tienlun Power Plant

195

Heping, Taichung

24°12′38.44″N 121°00′56.9″E

Tungpu Power Plant

183

Hualien County


Wanta Power Plant

36

Ren-ai, Nantou

23°58′34″N 121°08′08″E

Zengwen Power Plant

50

Dapu, Chiayi

23°14′53″N 120°32′11″E

 

B.   Former Power Plants :-

Station

Capacity (MW)

Location

Beipu Power Plant


Zhongzheng, Keelung

Shen-Ao Power Plant

160

Ruifang, New Taipei

 

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